Chord Connections


"Garden of Earthly Delights" is 
The opening track on an album (self-titled) by a group called Arzachel * 

* This band was originally called Uriel, and consisted of Steve Hillage on guitar, as well as the three members of the future-named Egg. For contractual reasons, this single album was recorded under the unique name of Arzachel. I am pretty sure that bassist Mont Campbell wrote this composition/song.

Starts with E Major.

Right hand organ plays (lowered 7th degree) 
Can be thought of, therefore, as E-Mixolydian (which is like Major, but with lowered-7th)

D, B, C#

A, B

G#, F#, E

Then, transitions to the next harmony via a suspension:

E sus4 ('A' is P4th above 'E') , which then lowers a semi-tone down to G# (which is Major-3rd above 'E').

Esus4, to E Major

sorry, instead of 'A' to 'G#', 'tis:

F# to G# , with E as root , all along.
(Bsus4 / Esus2) to E Major.

Ah, yes, (instead of 'A',  F#, leading to G#)   anticipates the 3rd of the next chord, which is:

down to 
D Major chord (triad).

Simply move the the third (3rd) of that chord, up , and down (diatonically , not chromatically)

F#, to G,  back to 
F#, to E
like folk-rock guitar

Well, I hear :
D (I) to G Major (IV) 
D (I) to Asus4, ? 

Next passage features Steve Hillage doing a shrill very English-sounding lead vocal:

F Maj.  C Maj.

E-flat Maj. ,  B-flat Major

Notice  how the root (pitches)  of each pair of chords are a P4th apart. 
and the two sequences are off-set by a whole-step / Major-2nd , apart from one another.

Then back to verse with D Major.

A juicy chord :

Juicy chord

There is more than one way of looking at this juicy chord: The root in left hand ('A') is off-set by one whole-step (M2nd) from the root of the right hand chord: G Major (7). You can identify a pentatonic tone cluster (pitch cluster) in that: A+B + D+E+ F# (+ G ) or, G+A+B + D+E Forget the pentatonic way of examining this chord. Instead, understand it as (in terms of): A5 (A+E) in left hand + G Maj. 7 , which is ___ the "III7" of dorian mode in 'E' (which is a P5th above (and P4th below) the root of the left hand. e dorian's i7 is : e min. 7 ii7 is : f# min. 7 III7 is : G Maj. 7 Mike Ratledge (who was an influence of/on , at least the keyboard player Dave Stewart) used this type of chord/harmony on two of his own Soft Machine compositions: "Pig" (which is the first movement of "Esther's Nose Job" suite from Volume 2 (1969) ) , as well as "Slightly All the Time" (albeit, in a different key/tonal-center : C5 + B-flat5 Maj.7) , the next year (1970).
"dorian 3 chords root P5th below" That lesson features invertin a minor-7th chord to make a Major-6th chord.
and the A5 + G Maj. That chord relates to , a same/similar chord in "September" by Earth, Wind, and Fire. __________ last / ending passage: a#/b-flat minor (7?) to f#/g-flat minor (7??) or , is the F# the '5' and thus the root is 'B' (B_natural)? THat means, moves up a semi-tone (half-step) from B-flat/A#. Hmm. (Ambiguous harmony -- T.T.?) Steve Hillage does really nice Eric Clapton-style Blue-rock lead over B-flat (A#) pentatonic minor root (pitches) of those two chords are a Major-3rd apart: B-flat to G-flat or (in terms of enharmonic equivalents) : A# to F#

Juicy chord/harmony (addendum)


related:  opening chord of "Pataphysical Introduction" by Robert Wyatt (appeared on The Soft Machine's second LP, Volume 2 (1969) : 

see Slide #197

G(5) + F Maj. 7 

move that up a whole-step (in parallel) and you have the "Juicy chord" in   Arzachel ("Garden of Earthly Delights")

Both of those chords (one-whole step apart) , 
A5 + G Maj.7
G5 + F Maj.7
are first two chords in chord cycle of "As Long as He Lies Perfectly Still"

Another connection, with another composition, by another band: Dedalus - opening track of their self-titled debut LP (album, 1973) "Santiago" Root pitches (harmonic roots) (left hand / bass) are : B , to G (a Major-3rd apart) I can't figure out what exact voicings keyboard player Fiorenzo Bonansone is playing, but what sounds like a harmonic approximation and match is: Major-seventh chords whose roots are one whole-step lower than the left hand bass pitches, at bottom -- In the case of this particular piece of music, that means: B(5?) + A Maj. 7 down to G(5?) + F Maj. 7 <--- One additional note B(5?) + A Maj. 7 add : a quartal chord (B sus4, inverted) : F#-B-E The electric piano plays a number of such quartal (stacking 4ths) voicings, throughout. regarding the 2nd harmony (root of 'G') , all 3 of the "i7" , "ii7" , and "III7" chords of the dorian mode that is rooted on the P5th above (P4th below) work, in fact: G in bass + d min.7 , e min.7 , and F Maj. 7 in right hand. See how the F Maj. is the "III7" of the d dorian mode ? One more chord (harmonic) connection -- with "Azrael" (similar name, eh?) The first song that Keith Emerson wrote with bassist (and vocalist) Lee Jackson of The Nice (back in 1967?) -- uses this type of chord: F + E-flat Major then, modulate a minor-third (m3) up to: A-flat + G-flat Major Download video that I made that illustrates the harmonic structure (chord progressions) of/in that song:

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